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Farmer Survey and Focus Group Discussion

Company profile

OXFAM


Job details

Job title: Farmer Survey and Focus Group Discussion
Job code:
Salary Type:
Sector: Not-for-Profit Sector(NGO)
Industry: NGO
Minimum salary: 0
Maximum salary: 0
Job Level:
Job type:
Country: Cambodia
Location:
Job Category/ Job Function: Other
Description:

Positions required: A team of at least one Lead Consultant and one Qualitative Research Assistant

CONSULTANCY OVERVIEW

The GRAISEA 2 Programme (1 Aug 2018 – 31 July 2021) is a joint initiative led by Oxfam GB, Oxfam Novib, Oxfam US and Oxfam Sweden and funded by the Embassy of Sweden in Bangkok, with a total budget of USD 9.7 million. The programme operates at regional level and in four countries in Southeast Asia (Cambodia, Indonesia, Vietnam and Philippines) and Pakistan.

Drawing on progress and lessons from the first phase, GRAISEA 2 aims to transform opportunities for marginalised women and men in the agriculture sector in Asia by acting as a catalyst for the emergence of inclusive value chains and responsible business practices that respect human rights and drive women’s economic empowerment and climate resilience.

Oxfam is recruiting a team of two consultants to conduct the data collection (through farmer survey and FGD), analysis and report writing phases of baseline for Result 1 of GRAISEA 2 in Cambodia. The consultancy does not include the design of data collection tools but the capacity to digitalize the tools provided and provide the necessary equipment for data collection is highly desired. Two consultants are required: a Lead Consultant and a Qualitative Research Assistant. Proposals are invited from organisations and individual consultants who meet the profile described below. You need to apply with a joint-proposal as a team of two consultants. The proposal should outline the consultants’ profiles (including their CV/resume), proposed management arrangements, and examples of previous work.

The assignment is expected to take approximately  40-45 days[1] for the Lead Consultant and 25-30 days for the Qualitative Research Assistant between 1st February and 15th April 2019. A detailed timeline is presented in the ToR.

  1. 1. PROGRAMME SUMMARY

GRAISEA 2 will promote the scaling of inclusive and responsible business models and practices by working simultaneously on three levels:

  • Producer level (Result 1). GRAISEA 2 will train and mobilise producer groups, women’s rights groups and civil society networks to strengthen their agency and empower them to challenge prevailing economic structures and social norms.
    • Private sector level, from local and regional to international (Result 2). GRAISEA 2 will work directly with individual businesses to develop inclusive, responsible and more resilient business practices. This will include Small and Medium Enterprises, larger processors and traders, and – to a lesser extent – exporters and retailers.

GRAISEA 2 will focus its work on two value chains of major economic and social importance in the region, rice and shrimp.

  • Policy level, national and regional (Result 3). Building on Oxfam’s ongoing advocacy work, GRAISEA 2 jointly with its partners will engage with sub-national and national governments and regional ASEAN bodies to create policy frameworks that safeguard human rights, promote the growth of Small and Medium Enterprises, and encourage the adoption of inclusive and responsible business models that drive women’s economic empowerment and support climate change resilience.

 

The results framework on the next page shows the anticipated intermediate outcomes, outcomes and impacts of these three result areas.

 

 

 

GRAISEA 2 works within the rice value chain in Cambodia. In Result 1, it aims to strengthen collective action through increasing the number and the capacity of farmer organisations to: support their members to increase productivity, meet sector standards and adapt to climate change; facilitate improved market access and fair relationships with other market actors; strengthen the role of women in value chains through leadership support and entrepreneurial skills development.

  1. 2. SCOPE OF THE BASELINE

The overall baseline study of GRAISEA 2 is expected to be conducted from February to May 2019. The objectives of the baseline study are threefold:

  • To set a starting point for the pre-defined outcome and impact indicators of GRAISEA Monitoring, Evaluation, Accountability and Learning (MEAL) Framework
  • To provide information for refining indicators and setting realistic targets
  • To provide qualitative and quantitative evidence for refining GRAISEA Theory of Change and assumptions

 

Cambodia (rice value chain) is selected to be one of the two deep-dive countries for baseline study of the programme. The project will directly benefit 2,210 smallholder farmers in two provinces in Cambodia, namely Preah Vihear (in Sangkum Thmey district) and Kompong Thom (in Stoung district). The baseline study will focus on the smallholder farmers growing organic rice in Preah Vihear and a smaller sampling size of smallholder farmers growing Sustainable Rice Platform (SRP) standard rice in Kompong Thom.

Sampling Strategy

Aligning to the DCED Standard for Results Measurement and to help understand the attribution of GRAISEA 2 through impact evaluation, the baseline study will involve interviewing respondents from an intervention groups and a comparison group. See table below for the proposed sampling size:

 

Cambodia – Organic Rice in Preah Vihear

Cambodia – SRP Rice in Kompong Thom

Estimated women PG members and leaders

553

553

Estimated men PG members and leaders

553

553

Sample size calculation (95% Confidence level; 10% confidence interval)

Women: 82

Men: 82

Total: 164

Women: 50

Men: 50

Total: 100

Comparison group

Women: 82

Men: 82

Total: 164

Not Applicable

Minimum sample size

328

100

 

  1. 3. BASELINE INDICATORS AND METHODOLOGY

Result 1 statement: Women and men small-scale producers are able to participate and benefit fairly from economic opportunities in agriculture and seafood value chains.

 

Methods used for result 1 indicators will be administered in the communities in which the producer groups are established and will involve surveys and focus group discussions with project participants and comparison communities. FGD facilitation questions and Survey questionnaire will be provided to the consultants. These tools will also respond to some result 2 indicators where appropriate. The table below shows each tool and the corresponding indicators.

 

Method

Indicator

Producer survey

Impact 1B. Proportion of time women spend on unpaid care work, paid work and rest/leisure (daily reference)

Outcome 1.1.A Percentage (%) of women experiencing improvements in their self-confidence (and the reasons for change/ no change)

Outcome 1.1.C Percentage (%) of women experiencing increased involvement in group participation (and the reasons for change/ no change)

Intermediate outcome 1.1.1. Percentage (%) of family and community members who give value to unpaid care work provided by women

Intermediate outcome 1.1.2. Percentage (%) of men and women who expressed their support to women being in leadership position

Impact 2B. Perception of small-scale producers/workers/suppliers on the inclusive practice of target companies

Outcome 2.2.A Percentage (%) of women producers/workers linked to SMES, experiencing perceived increase in access to economic opportunities (and the reasons for change/ no change)

Intermediate outcome 2.1.1. Percentage (%) of farmers who perceive companies' engagement in negotiating, contracting, training and pricing as "very inclusive"

Producer Focus Group Discussions (FGDs)

Impact 1A. Perceptions of small-scale producers/workers on the barriers to women's participation in economic opportunities

Outcome 1.1.A Percentage (%) of women experiencing improvements in their self-confidence (and the reasons for change/ no change)

Outcome 1.1.C Percentage (%) of women experiencing increased involvement in group participation (and the reasons for change/ no change)

Intermediate outcome 1.1.1. Percentage (%) of family and community members who give value to unpaid care work provided by women

Intermediate outcome 1.1.2. Percentage (%) of men and women who expressed their support to women being in leadership position

Intermediate outcome 1.2.2. Percentage (%) of farmers who are confident they have the ability to negotiate with buyers and market actors.

Impact 2B. Perception of small-scale producers/workers/suppliers on the inclusive practice of target companies

Outcome 2.2.A Percentage (%) of women producers/workers linked to SMES, experiencing perceived increase in access to economic opportunities (and the reasons for change/ no change)

Intermediate outcome 2.1.1. Percentage (%) of farmers who perceive companies' engagement in negotiating, contracting, training and pricing as "very inclusive"

  1. 4. SCOPE OF WORK

This baseline study requires at least two consultant roles. One lead consultant will be leading and managing the field work team, designing the sampling strategy, hiring enumerators, managing data quality and leading report writing; one qualitative research assistant will be facilitating the FGDs, hiring a note-taker and/or translator and contributing to the report writing. The two consultants need to work together throughout the baseline study. The specific scope of work for each position is stipulated below.

Lead Consultant

  • Work with Oxfam staff to adapt and digitalize the survey questionnaire accordingly, including arranging and organising field test (close to Phnom Penh possible).
  • Recruit and manage a team of experienced enumerators (50% male and 50% female)  for the data collection.
  • Lead a three-day training workshop for enumerators with the support of Oxfam Staff. This will include two days working through questionnaires in English and local languages, and the use of the mobile devices/tablets and one day of field testing and debriefing post-test. Oxfam will provide venue, catering and stationery/printing for the training workshop but the budget provided in proposals must include the other logistics costs including transportation, accommodation and meals for field testing.
  • Organise the logistical and administrative arrangements necessary to carry out the field work, including letters and communication with local authorities as necessary, transport, meals and accommodation for enumerators, as necessary. Proposals should outline where Oxfam should support on this, and the budget provided must include these costs.
  • Arrange the translation of the questionnaire, into the local language (where appropriate). However, the enumerators selected should be fluent in both English and Khmer.
  • Work with Oxfam staff to identify a valid comparison group of households that are similar to the project participants before it starts, but who did not in fact participate in the project.
  • Prepare a list of sampled intervention and comparison households (see above for minimum sampling size) and a list of replacement households to ensure sufficient sample size, in collaboration with Oxfam and project partners.
  • Manage the survey work in the field, ensuring that the enumerators interview the correct respondents; that surveys are carried out to a high standard; that targets for numbers of respondents to be interviewed are met; and that data are uploaded to the server regularly (ideally at the end of each day).
  • Consult Oxfam’s MEAL Advisers on any problems that affect the selection of respondents for the survey or the number of respondents to be interviewed. Oxfam’s Specialist/Adviser will run data quality checks and liaise with the Lead Consultant during data collection.
  • Analyse data and write a brief baseline report against the pre-defined indicators, with the qualitative analysis contributed by the qualitative research assistant. The report should include any problems which were encountered and how they were resolved, and any feedback which may be useful for future surveys.
  • Ideally the consultant will provide enough tablets/mobile phones for all enumerators for data collection. The consultant will manage mobile/tablet devices ensuring each device is signed in and out at the beginning and end of each data collection day and that they are safely stored each night. Supervisors take responsibility to charge devices and to upload and transmit the data collected every evening.

Qualitative Research Assistant

  • Organise the logistical and administrative arrangements necessary to carry out the field work, including letters and communication with local authorities as necessary, transport, meals and accommodation for the note-taker and/ or translator, as necessary. Proposals should outline where Oxfam should support on this, and the budget provided must include these costs.
  • Arrange the translation of the FGD questions checklist, into the local language (where appropriate). However, the assistant selected should be fluent in both English and Khmer.
  • Facilitate the FGDs in the field, ensuring that the selected respondents are interviewed; that interviews are carried out to a high standard; and that targets for numbers of respondents to be interviewed are met.
  • Contribute qualitative analysis to the baseline report writing, including any problems which were encountered and how they were resolved, and any feedback which may be useful for future surveys.
  • Work with Oxfam staff to design and conduct a half-day reflection session at an agreed point after data collection to collect feedback from enumerators, Oxfam and partner staff. The session will be an opportunity to validate initial findings and discussions/outcomes from this session should be recorded and fed into the analysis process. The venue, catering and stationery for the reflection session will be provided by Oxfam.

 

  1. 5. EXPECTED TIMEFRAME AND TIME COMMITMENT

The assignment is expected to take approximately 40-45 days for the Lead Consultant and 25-30 days for the Qualitative Research Assistant. However, contracts are based on payment of deliverables. Not number of days.

  • The kick-off meeting is expected to take place on 1st February.
  • Between 4th and 15th February 2019 the consultants will have remote contact with the GRAISEA 2 Programme Management Unit (PMU) and Oxfam country team and start the process of identifying the survey enumerators, note-taker and/or translator and comparison group.
  • The Oxfam MEAL Advisor will work with the consultants to design and conduct the training workshop for enumerators and oversee the field work preparation and training between 18th and 22nd February 2019.
  • The Survey and FGDs data collection in communities will be conducted between 25th February and 14th March 2019.
  • The reflection session will be conducted on 15th March 2019.
  • The 1st draft baseline report will be due on 3rd April 2019 and the final report due on 12th April 2019.

Activity

7-Jan

14-Jan

21-Jan

28-Jan

4-Feb

11-Feb

18-Feb

25-Feb

4-Mar

11-Mar

18-Mar

25-Mar

1-Apr

8 Apr

ToR, Recruit consultants, logistics

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Preparation with consultant, hiring enumerators

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Field work preperation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Enumerator training

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mixed methods data collection

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Data checks/entry

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Data analysis

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Draft report

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Final report

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. 6. EXPECTED DELIVERABLES

Lead Consultant

  • Enumerators training agenda and training material (including practices, and sessions specifically dedicated to field testing) (8th Feb 2019).
  • Work with Oxfam’s MEL Advisers on the sampling criteria, producing a sample frame and sample list of intervention and comparison households to be surveyed, including lists of replacement communities/households (8th Feb 2019).
  • Detailed schedule of data collection activities and locations including description of selection criteria of communities and respondents (13th Feb 2019).
  • Data files of all survey respondents (3rd April 2019).
  • Brief Baseline Report (10-15 pages) against indicators, including any problems which were encountered and how they were resolved, and any feedback which may be useful for future surveys (1st draft on 3rd April 2019 and final report on 12th Apr 2019).

Qualitative Research Assistant

  • Detailed schedule of data collection activities and locations including description of selection criteria of communities and respondents (13th Feb 2019).
  • Set of detailed and legible notes (scanned or typed) from all focus groups, with breakdown of respondent details (3rd April 2019).
  • Qualitative analysis and contribution to the baseline report writing, including any problems which were encountered and how they were resolved, and any feedback which may be useful for future surveys.

 

  1. 7. KEY QUALIFICATIONS, SKILLS AND CAPABILITIES

Lead Consultant

  • Female candidates encouraged to apply.
  • University graduate.
  • Fluency in English and Khmer.
  • Demonstrable experience of producing high-quality, credible baseline studies/ evaluations (samples required).
  • Strong information technology/computer skills.
  • High level of attention to detail in carrying out surveys.
  • Energy and a positive attitude to work, even in arduous conditions.
  • Experience of working in rural areas of Cambodia, with a strong understanding of rural livelihoods, preferably within rice value chain.
  • Previous experience of administering household surveys and organizing survey logistics.
  • Previous experience of using mobile devices/tablets for data collection (desirable), specifically with Survey CTO.
  • Experience of statistical software Stata, R, SPSS; and Propensity Score Matching
  • Has a source of at least 10 mobile phones/tablets available for electronic data collection (desirable).

Qualitative Research Assistant

  • Female candidates encouraged to apply.
  • University graduate with some work experience of rural development research
  • Fluency in English and Khmer.
  • Experience of facilitating or notetaking for focus group discussions.
  • Energy and a positive attitude to work, even in arduous conditions.
  • Experience of working in rural areas of Cambodia, with a strong understanding of rural livelihoods, preferably within rice value chain.

  1. 8. BUDGET

The budget available for the overall consultancy is maximum USD 14,000 including taxes.

The proposed budget should include:

  1. The two consultants’ work days fee and taxes, subsistence for their field work accommodation , transport, meals and other costs for data collection and field logistics. (separate costs for each consultant)
  2. Fees/incentives for enumerators,  subsistence for their field work accommodation, transport, meals and other costs for data collection and field logistics. This will include the costs of a team of male and female enumerators to conduct questionnaires of 428 households, of approximately 1-1.5 hour duration each. (Oxfam estimates that a team of approximately 8 enumerators would be required for 15 days in total.)
  3. Fees/incentives for note-taker and/or translator for 8 FGDs, of approximately 2 hour duration each, and subsistence for their field work accommodation, transport, meals and other costs for data collection and field logistics.
  4. 9. PAYMENT

Oxfam will pay 50% upon signing of the contract to cover costs of field work and data collection, and the final payment will be subject to completion of all deliverables and verification of the data quality by Oxfam in Cambodia and the PMU.

10.  Proposal and Application

Expected contents of the proposal include:

  1. Field work management plan: logistics, timeframe, no. of enumerators and notetaker and/ or translators, data quality check;
  2. System used for digitalizing data collection and no. of devices provided;
  3. Schedule of deliverables;
  4. Detailed Budget;
  5. Sample work attached.

 

Apply

Interested applicants should submit their application, CV/profile and their proposal to our recruitment website at  https://career2.successfactors.eu/career?company=OxfamNovibP

by January 23, 2019 at 5 pm Cambodia time.

Oxfam is committed to safeguarding and promoting the welfare of children, young people and adults and expects all staff, consultants, volunteers to share this commitment. We will do everything possible to ensure that only those who are suitable to work within our values are recruited to work for us. This job is subject to a range of screening checks.

 

 

ONLY SHORTLISTED CANDIDATES WILL BE CONTACTED

 


[1] Lead Consultant: 8 days for communication and preparation; 23 days for field work (training of enumerators, data collection) including travelling time; 10 days for data cleaning, analysis and report writing. 3 extra days for data entry if digital survey is not used.

Status: Approved
Deadline: 2019-01-23 19:07:00
Premium job: No
Employer: OXFAM
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